Choose your orchard management period:

Year 1 - Cropping Calendar

Winter December December
January January
February February
Spring March March
April Plant Prune Fertigate Fertilize Pests April
May Trellis Fertilize Weed Pests May
Summer June

Water

Pests June
July

Water

Pests July
August Water Weed August
Fall September September
October October
November November

Notes:

Year 1 Comments
Plant Plant highly feathered trees (10-15 feathers) at a spacing of 0.9m-1.2m x 3.3m-3.6m. Adjust graft union to 15 cm above soil level.
Pruning and Training Remove all feathers (lateral branches) below 60 cm using a flush cut. Do not head leader or feathers. Remove any feathers that are larger than 2/3 the diameter of leader. Rub off 2nd, 3rd and 4th buds or shoots below existing leader shoot to eliminate competition. Tie down each feather that is longer than 25 cm so that it is hanging downward, below horizontal.
Support System If time permits, install support system in May after planting, however, if necessary the support system can be installed the following year. Install either a 5 wire tree support system or a single stake and wire system that will allow tree to be supported to 3m. Attach trees to support system with a permanent tree tie above 1st tier of feathers leaving a 2 inch diameter loop to allow for trunk grow.
Irrigation Install trickle irrigation soon after planting. Frequent and early trickle irrigation is important to prevent stress on large, highly feathered trees.
Fertigation Immediately after planting, apply 8 to 12 liters/tree of a soluble complete fertilizer (e.g., 10-10-10) solution to settle the soil around the roots.
Fertilization Apply 0.11 kg CaNO3/tree after soil settles from fertigation and another 0.11 kg CaNO3/tree four weeks later after the shoot starts to grow. Do not place fertilizer too close to the tree trunk to avoid trunk damage from fertilizer burn.
Weed Control A late spring and a late fall application of herbicides is recommended. Late fall herbicide should include a contact and residual herbicide. Late spring herbicide should include a different residual herbicide. Use caution and low rates when using herbicides on young trees. Young trees have tender, green bark which can be easily damaged by contact herbicides. Young trees also have shallow roots which can be damaged by root active herbicides.
Pests Control all foliar and bark feeding pests (e.g., mites, scab, scale, mildew,leafhoppers, etc.), throughout the season ensuring near perfect foliage condition and growth.

Year 2-4 - Cropping Calendar

Winter December Trellis December
January Trellis January
February February
Spring March

Prune

March
April Fertilize Pests April
May Prune Thin Weed Pests May
Summer June Prune Thin Water Fertigate Pests June
July Water Fertigate Pests July
August Prune Water Fertigate Weed Pests Harvest August
Fall September Harvest September
October Harvest October
November November

Notes for years 2 to 4

Year 2 to 4 Comments
Pruning and Training When the tree is dormant (i.e., early March), remove any suckers and broken branches completely. Remove any shoots competing with leader. Single all side branches by removing forks. DO NOT HEAD THE LEADER OR SIDE BRANCHES. In May, tie down any vigorous lateral upright branches not tied down last year to below horizontal. After 10-15 cm of growth in Spring, pinch lateral shoots in top 1/4 of last year's leader growth removing about 5 cm of growth (the terminal bud and 4-5 young leaves). In mid-June, re-pinch lateral shoots that were issed or have started to regrow in top 1/4 of last year's leader growth. Tie developing leader to support system with permanent ties. In the summer, prune when vegetative growth has stopped (sometime in August), but before harvest. PRUNE LIGHTLY ONLY TO EXPOSE SHADED FRUIT.
Support System In winter, perform any needed maintenance on the support system.
Thin In early-June in Year 2, hand thin crop to single fruit 10 cm apart (Target fruits/tree depends on trunk circumference 30 cms above the graft union). In Year 3, lightly chemically thin, then follow by hand thinning (Target fruits/tree depends on trunk circumference 30 cms above the graft union). In Year 4, mostly chemically thin, then follow by hand if necessary (Target fruits/tree depends on the trunk circumference 30 cms above the gaft union). In all years, hand thinning should be done before fruit bud initiation.
Irrigation Irrigate as needed to maintain tree growth and optimize fruit size.
Fertigation Continue fertigation with 100 ppm N.
Fertilization If fertigation is not available then apply 0.1 to 0.2 lbs of actual N/tree to the soil. In general, apply 60 lbs N/acre in Year 2 and 3; 40 lbs N/acre in year 4 and beyond. If the variety is suceptible to bitter pit, watercore, or senescent breakdown, a foliar calcium program is recommended.
Weed Control A late spring and a late fall application of herbicides is recommended. Late fall herbicide should include a contact (i.e., 2,4-D) and residual (i.e., Surflan) herbicide. Late spring herbicide should include a different residual herbicide (i.e., Prowl).
Pests Keep all insects and disease pests under complete control with frequent scouting and appropriate pest management practices. Control of foliage feeding pests such as aphids, mites and potato leafhopper are extremely important.
Harvest Depending on variety, harvest may be anytime from August to October.

Year 5-20 - Cropping Calendar

Winter December December
January January
February Prune February
Spring March March
April Fertilize Pests April
May Thin Water Fertigate Weed Pests May
Summer June Thin Water Fertigate Pests June
July Water Fertigate Pests July
August Prune Thin Water Fertigate Fertilize Weed Pests Harvest

August

Fall September Harvest

September

October Harvest

October

Fertilize November

Notes for years 5 to 20

Year 5 to 20 Comments
Pruning and Training Allow crop to bend leader above the support wire. Limit tree height to 3m by cutting leader back to a fruitful side branch centered above the axis of the tree. Annually, remove at least 2-4 limbs including lower tier scaffolds that are more than 2 cm in diameter using a bevel cut. Shorten bottom tier scaffolds where needed back to side branch to facilitate movement of equipment and preserve fruit quality on lower limbs. In August, lightly summer prune to encourage light penetration and fruit color.
Thin In May, chemically thin and follow up with hand thinning to appropriate levels. (Target 100-120 fruits/tree). Thin to promote needed fruit quality (color, size, defect removal) in August.
Irrigation Irrigate as needed to maintain tree growth and optimize fruit size.
Fertigation Eight equal application of nitrogen for a total of 35 lb actual N/acre or based on tissue analysis results from the previous season.
Fertilization Apply 40 to 60 lb K/acre in April depending on tissue analysis. An application of K in summer can be made if there are signs of deficiency. Apply 40 to 60 lbs of K/acre after harvest. If the variety is suceptible to bitter pit, watercore, or senescent breakdown a foliar calcium program is recommended.
Weed Control A spring and and post harvest application of herbicides is recommended. Spring herbicides should include a residual material combined and a burn-down material if weed growth has started. Late fall herbicide should include a broadleaf material (i.e., 2,4-D for dandelion and other persistant perennials).
Pests Keep all insects and disease pests under complete control with frequent scouting and appropriate pest management practices. Control of foliage feeding pests such as aphids, mites and potato leafhopper are extremely important.
Harvest Depending on variety, harvest may begin anytime from August to October.